The House of Commons Committee on Science, Innovation and Technology (the Committee), embarked on an inquiry in October 2022 to assess the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on various sectors, AI regulation, and the UK Government’s AI governance proposals. The resulting interim report, published on 31 August 2023, offers valuable insights, particularly from a legal standpoint, on the challenges and approaches related to AI governance in the UK.

The Challenges of AI

The report not only highlights the advantages of AI but also addresses the 12 challenges brought by it. While these challenges have been previously acknowledged, their formal recognition in an official report holds significance for government deliberations. Furthermore, these challenges can serve as a valuable roadmap for businesses as they navigate the integration of AI technologies into their operations.

  1. Bias: Addressing bias in AI systems to ensure fairness and equity.
  2. Privacy: Safeguarding personal data in AI systems.
  3. Misrepresentation: Tackling the issue of AI-generated content that may deceive or misinform.
  4. Access to Data: Ensuring equitable access to data for AI development.
  5. Access to Compute: Addressing the disparities in access to computing power for AI research.
  6. Black Box Challenge: Ensuring transparency and explainability in AI systems.
  7. Open-Source Challenge: Promoting open-source AI development for public benefit.
  8. Intellectual Property and Copyright: Navigating legal complexities related to AI-generated content.
  9. Liability: Defining liability frameworks for AI-generated outcomes.
  10. Employment Challenge: Managing the impact of AI on the job market and workforce.
  11. International Coordination: Coordinating AI governance efforts across borders.
  12. Existential Challenge: Considering the long-term implications of AI on society.

UK’s Regulatory Approach

As we reported previously, the UK’s White Paper released earlier this year proposed a ‘light touch’ approach to AI regulation by utilising existing regulators and processes.

The report underscores the UK’s potential to become a global hub for AI development and deployment. Nevertheless, the Committee has stressed the urgency of swift regulation implementation. Failure to do so could result in falling behind the rapid pace of AI development, particularly in comparison to leading global legislative influencers such as the US and the EU, with the EU AI Act representing the most comprehensive attempt at AI regulation.

Considering this, the Committee implied that the Government should consider introducing new AI legislation during the upcoming King’s Speech on 7 November 2023. While the committee acknowledges the value of a pro-innovation approach, it is apparent that the challenges outlined above may necessitate a more coordinated central regulatory effort.

International Outlook

The Committee recognised that in the pursuit of effective AI governance, international cooperation plays an important role as the challenges posed by AI are not confined by borders. As part of this global perspective, the report highlights the significance of the global AI summit proposed by the UK Government. This summit would aim to bring together key countries, tech companies, and researchers to establish safety measures and assess the most significant AI-related risks.

Looking into the future

The Government now has two months respond to the Committee’s recommendations. While the UK is expected to maintain its pro-innovation stance, there is a possibility of some regulatory measures being introduced, contrary to initial expectations, following the AI White Paper.