This post was also written by Amy Mushahwar.
Bill Adds to the Web of Proposed Privacy Legislation and Contains Much More Than Kids Do Not Track
Today, Rep. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) circulated a discussion draft of his kids online do-not-track bill, co-sponsored by Joe Barton (R-Tex.) that proposes to make it illegal to use kids’ or teens’ information for targeted marketing and require parental consent for online tracking of the info. Both Congressmen co-chair the House Privacy Caucus and their kids’ privacy bill will join other more generally-applicable privacy legislation pending in the 112th Congress by Representatives Cliff Stearns (R-Fl.), Fred Upton (R-Mich.), Jackie Speier (D-Calf.) and Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) and Senators John Kerry (D-Mass.) and John McCain (R.-Ariz.) with Senator Jay Rockefeller (D-W.Va.) promising to release a generally-applicable privacy bill containing Do Not Track provisions next week.
But, members of the privacy community were expecting this piece of proposed legislation. Markey had promised since late 2010 that the bill was coming. Specifically, the bill would update the Childrens’ Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 (“COPPA”) provisions relating to the collection, use and disclosure of children’s personal information. Further, it would establish protections for personal information of teens who were previously not addressed in COPPA at all.
Key provisions of the bill include:
Scope Updates: The bill would expand the scope of the definition of covered Internet operators to include online applications and the mobile web. The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) would also be empowered with rulemaking authority to create more flexible definitions of operators that account for the development of new technology. The also expands the personal information protected to include IP Addresses, mobile SIMs or any other computer or other device identifying numbers.
Privacy Policies/Disclosure: The bill would require online companies to explain the types of personal information collected, how that information is used and disclosed, and the policies for collection of personal information.
Further Parental Choice: In addition to keeping the existing requirements for online companies to obtain parental consent for collection of children’s personal information, the bill also includes provisions requiring companies to provide parents access to the information collected about their child and the opportunity to opt-out of further use of maintenance of their child’s data.
Targeted Marketing Prohibitions for Kids & Minors: Website operators and other online providers would be prohibited from knowingly collecting personal information for behavioral marketing purposes from children and minors. The FTC would be required to issue regulations within one year of the bill’s passage.
Digital Marketing Bill of Rights for Teens & Fair Information Practices Principles: This section incorporates the Fair Information Practice Principles (“FIPPs”) concept that was in the Department of Commerce’s Privacy Green Paper. Under this proposed bill, website operators and other online providers are prohibited from collecting personal information from any minors, unless they adopt a Digital Marketing Bill of Rights for Teens. Such a bill of rights or FIPPs must include provisions regarding data: collection, quality, purpose specification, use limitations, security, use transparency, access and correction.
Geolocation Information Collection of Kids and Minors: Website operators and service providers must establish procedures for notice and choice regarding geolocation information. In the case of information collection from children, an operator/provider must obtain verifiable parental consent before this information would be collected, in most cases.
Eraser Button: Website operators must create an “Erase Button” for parents and children by requiring companies to permit users to eliminate publicly available personal information content when technologically feasible. (Such a provision, however, could lead parents and children into a false sense of security on the web. With multiple outlets for data cashing, it is difficult to wholly erase data on the web.)
Expansion of FTC Jurisdiction to Telecom: In keeping with the Kerry bill, the Markey bill also seeks to expand FTC jurisdiction to telecommunications carriers.
We will be carefully evaluating these provisions while this bill pends, but we can readily identify that complications are likely to arise for marketing to young adults. For example, teens are far more likely to lie when faced with traditional age screens. So, even though the statute contains a ‘knowing’ information collection requirement, to what degree would marketers be required ‘fortify’ their existing age screens to account for teens? If more stringent age screens must be employed, will the more tedious screens reduce marketing to adults, too?
If this bill advances on the Hill, please lookout for upcoming privacy bill updates from our team.